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Zuk, J., Yu, X., Sanfilippo, J., Figuccio, M., Dunstan, J., Carruthers, C., Sideridis, G., Gagoski, B., Grant, P.E., & Gaab, N. (2019). White matter in infancy is prospectively associated with language outcome in kindergarten. pre-print in bioRxiv. PDF >>

Sanfilippo, J., Ness, M., Petscher, Y., Rappaport, L., Zuckerman, B., & Gaab, N. (2019, September 20). Reintroducing Dyslexia: Early Identification and Implications for Pediatric Practice.

Yu, X., Zuk, J., Perdue, M. V., Ozernov-Palchik, O., Raney, T., Beach, S. D., ... & Gaab, N. (2019). Putative protective neural mechanisms in pre-readers with a family history of dyslexia who subsequently develop typical reading skills. bioRxiv, 707786. PDF >>

Turesky, T. K., Xie, W., Kumar, S., Sliva, D., Gagoski, B., Vaughn, J., ... & Petri, W. K. (2019). Relating anthropometric indicators to brain structure in 2-month-old Bangladeshi infants growing up in poverty: a pilot study. bioRxiv, 655068. PDF >>

Zuk, J., Dunstan, J., Norton, E., Yu, X., Ozernov-Palchik, O., Wang, Y., ... & Gaab, N. (2019). Multifactorial pathways facilitate resilience among kindergarteners at risk for dyslexia: A longitudinal behavioral and neuroimaging study. pre-print in bioRxiv. PDF >>


Norton, E. S., Gaab, N., & Gabrieli, J. D. E. (2019). Neural predictors of dyslexia. In L. Verhoeven, C. Perfetti & K. Pugh, (Eds.), Developmental dyslexia across languages and writing systems: A handbook. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Turesky, T.K., Jensen, S.K.G., Yu, X., Kumar, S., Wang, Y., Sliva, D., Gagoski, B., Sanfilippo, J., Zollei, L., Boyd, E., Haque, R., Kakon, S.H., Islam, N., Petri Jr., W., Nelson, C.A., & Gaab, N. (In press). "The relationship between biological and psychosocial risk factors and resting-state functional connectivity in 2-month-old Bangladeshi infants: a feasibility and pilot study." Developmental Science. PubMed >> PDF >>

Gaab, N. (2019). "Identifying risk instead of failure. Reading impairments: Moving from a deficit-driven to a preventative model." Blog on Learning & Development. Link >>

Gaab, N. (2019). "How Can We Ensure That Every Child Will Learn to Read? The Need for a Global, Neurodevelopmental Perspective." International Dyslexia Association. Link >>

Langer, N., Benjamin, C., Becker, B., & Gaab, N. (2019). "Comorbidity of Reading Disabilities and ADHD: Structural and Functional Brain Characteristics." Human Brain Mapping. PubMed >> PDF >>

Petscher, Y., Fien, H., Stanley, C., Gearin, B., Gaab, N., Fletcher, J.M., & Johnson, E. (2019). "Screening for Dyslexia." Retrieved from PDF >>

Centanni, T.M., Norton, E.S., Ozernov-Palchik, O., Park, A., Beach, S.D., Halverson, K., Gaab, N., & Gabrieli, J.D.E. (2019). "Disrupted left fusiform response to print in beginning kindergartners is associated with subsequent reading." NeuroImage: Clinical. PubMed >> PDF >>

Ozernov-Palchik, O., Norton, E.S., Wang, Y., Beach, S.D., Zuk, J., Wolf, M., Gabrieli, J.D.E., & Gaab, N. (2019). "The relationship between socioeconomic status and white matter microstructure in pre-reading children: A longitudinal investigation." Human Brain Mapping. PubMed >>


Zuk, J., Perdue, M., Becker, B., Yu, X., Chang, M., Raschle, N., & Gaab, N. "Neural correlates of phonological processing: Disrupted in children with dyslexia and enhanced in musically trained children." Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. PubMed >> PDF >>

Zuk, J., & Gaab, N. (2018). "Evaluating predisposition and training in shaping the musician's brain: The need for a developmental perspective." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. PubMed >>

Yu, X., Zuk, J., & Gaab, N. (2018). "What factors facilitate resilience in developmental dyslexia? Examining protective and compensatory mechanisms across the neurodevelopmental trajectory." Child Development Perspectives. PubMed >> PDF >>

Leon Guerrero, S., Ozernov-Palchik, O., Gonzalez, M., Zuk, J., & Gaab, N. (2018). "Using tablet technology to screen for reading difficulty risk in preschool and early kindergarten". In N. Kucirkova, J. Roswell, & G. Falloon (Eds.), The Routledge International Handbook of Playing and Learning with Technology in Early Childhood. PDF >>

Centanni, T.M., Norton, E., Park, A., Beach, S.D., Halverson, K., Ozernov-Palchik, O., Gaab, N., & Gabrieli, J. (2018). "Early development of letter specialization in left fusiform is associated with better word reading and smalller fusiform face area." Developmental Science. PubMed >> PDF >>

Gaab, N., Yu, X., & Ozernov-Palchik, O. (2018). "Early atypical brain development in developmental dyslexia". In A. Galaburda, N. Gaab, & F. Hoeft (Eds.). Dyslexia and Neuroscience: The Geschwind-Galaburda Hypothesis, 30 Years Later . Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing Co. PDF >>

Yu, X., Raney, T., Perdue, M., Zuk, J., Ozernov-Palchik, O., Becker, B., Raschle, N.M., & Gaab, N. (2018). "Emergence of the neural network underlying phonological processing from the prereading to the emergent reading stage: A longitudinal study." Human Brain Mapping. PubMed >> PDF >>


Ozernov-Palchik, O., Norton, E.S., Sideridis, G., Beach, S.D., Wolf, M., Gabrieli, J.D.E. & Gaab, N. (2017). "Longitudinal stability of pre-reading skill profiles of kindergarten children." Developmental Science. PubMed >> PDF >>

Wang, Y., Mauer, M., Raney, T. Peysakhovich, B., Becker, B., Sliva, D., & Gaab, N. (2017). "Development of tract-specific white matter pathways during early reading development in at-risk children and typical controls." Cereb Cortex. PubMed >> PDF >>

Langer, N., Peysakhovich, B., Zuk, J., Drottar, M., Sliva, D., Smith, S., Becker, B., Grant, E., & Gaab, N. (2017). "White matter alterations in infants at risk for developmental dyslexia." Cereb Cortex. PubMed >> PDF >>

Raschle, N.M., Becker, B., Smith, S., Fehlbaum, L.V., Wang, Y., & Gaab, N. (2017). "Investigating the influences of language delay and/or familial risk for dyslexia on brain structure in 5-year-olds." Cereb Cortex. PubMed >> PDF >>

Zuk, J., Bishop-Lieber, P., Ozernov-Palchik, O., Peysakovich, B., Moore, E., Overy, K., Welch, G., & Gaab, N. (2017). Revisiting the 'enigma' of musicians with dyslexia: auditory sequencing and speech abilities. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. PubMed >> PDF >>

Gaab, N. (2017). "It's a Myth that Young Children Cannot Be Screened for Dyslexia!" International Dyslexia Association. Link >>


Ozernov-Palchik, O., & Gaab, N. (2016). "Tackling the 'dyslexia paradox': reading brain and behavior for early markers of developmental dyslexia." Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 7(2), 156-176. doi: 10.1002/wcs.1383 PubMed >> PDF >>

Powers, S., Wang, Y., Sideridis, G., & Gaab, N. (2016). Examining the relationship between home literacy environment and neural correlates of phonological processing in beginning readers with and without a familial risk for dyslexia: an fMRI study. Annals of Dyslexia. PubMed >> PDF >>

Ozernov-Palchik, O., Yu, X., Wang, Y., & Gaab, N. (2016). Lessons to be learned: How a comprehensive neurobiological framework of atypical reading development can inform educational practice. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences. PubMed >> PDF >>

Ozernov-Palchik, O., & Gaab, N. (2016). "Tackling the early identification of dyslexia with the help of neuroimaging." Perspectives on Language and Literacy. Winter 2016. The International Dyslexia Association. PDF >>

Im, K., Raschle, N.M., Smith, S.A., Grant, P.E., & Gaab, N. (2016). "Atypical Sulcal Pattern in Children with Developmental Dyslexia and At-Risk Kindergarteners." Cereb Cortex. PubMed >> PDF >>

Saygin, Z.M., Osher, D.E., Norton, E.S., Youssoufian, D.A., Beach, S.D., Feather, J., Gaab, N., Gabrieli, J.D.E., & Kanwisher, N. (2016). "Connectivity precedes function in the development of the visual word form area." Nature Neuroscience. PubMed >> PDF >>


Langer, N., Benjamin, C., Minas, J., & Gaab, N. (2015). "The neural correlates of reading fluency deficits in children." Cereb Cortex. PubMed >> PDF >>

Meng, X., You, H., Song, M., Desroches, A.S., Wang, Z., Wei, N., Tian, M., Gaab, N., & Ding, G. (2015). "Neural deficits in auditory phonological processing in Chinese children with English reading impairment." Bilingualism: Language Cognition. PDF >>

Paldino, M.J., Hedges, K., Gaab, N., Galaburda, A.M., & Grant, P.E. (2015). "Failure to Identify the Left Arcuate Fasciculus at Diffusion Tractography Is a Specific Marker of Language Dysfunction in Pediatric Patients with Polymicrogyria." Behavioural Neurology. PubMed >> PDF >>

Gaab, N. (2015). "The future of reading research -- New concepts and tools and the need for detailed genetic and neurobiological contexts". In P. McCardle & C.M. Connor (Eds.). Reading Intervention: Research to Practice to Research (The Extraordinary Brain Series). Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing Co.


Raschle, N.M., Smith S.A., Zuk, J., Dauvermann, M.R., Figuccio, M.J., & Gaab, N.(2014). "Investigating the neural correlates of voice versus speech-sound directed information in pre-school children." PLoS ONE. PubMed >> PDF >>

Raschle, N. Stering, P.L., Meissner, S., & Gaab, N. (2014). "Altered neuronal response during rapid auditory processing and its relation to phonological processing in pre-reading children at familial risk for dyslexia." Cereb Cortex. PubMed >> PDF >>

Shetreet, E., Chierchia, G., & Gaab, N. (2014). "Linguistic inability or poor performance: Dissociating scalar implicature generation and mismatch in the developing brain." Developmental Psychology. PubMed >> PDF >>

Shetreet, E., Chierchia, G., & Gaab, N. (2014). "When three is not some: On the pragmatics of numerals." Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. PDF >>

Shetreet, E., Chierchia, G., & Gaab, N. (2014). "When some is not every: Dissociating scalar implicature generation and mismatch." Human Brain Mapping. PubMed >> PDF >>

Zuk, J., Benjamin, C., Kenyon, A., & Gaab, N. (2014). "Behavioral and Neural Correlates of Executive Functioning in Musicians and Non-Musicians." PLoS ONE. PubMed >> PDF >>


Im, K. Pienaar, R., Paldino, M.J., Gaab, N., Galaburda, A.M., & Grant, P.E. (2013). "Quantification and discrimination of abnormal sulcal patterns in polymicrogyria." Cereb Cortex. PubMed >> PDF >>

Saygin, Z., Norton, E., Osher, D., Beach, S., Cyr, A., Ozernov-Palchik, O., Yendiki, A., Fischl, B., Gaab, N., & Gabrieli, J. (2013). "Tracking the roots of reading ability: White matter volume and integrity correlate with phonological awareness in pre-reading and early-reading kindergarten children." Journal of Neuroscience. PubMed >> PDF >>

Zuk, J., Andrade, P.E., Andrade, O.V.C.A., Gardiner, M.F., & Gaab, N. (2013). "Music, language and reading abilities in early Portuguese readers." Frontiers in Auditory Cognitive Neuroscience. PubMed >> PDF >>

Zuk, J., Ozernov-Palchik, O., Kim, H., Lakshminarayanan, K., Gabrieli, J.D.E., Tallal, P., & Gaab, N. (2013). "Enhanced syllable discrimination threshold in musicians." PLOS ONE. PubMed >> PDF >>


Benjamin, C.F. & Gaab, N. (2012). "What’s the story? The tale of reading fluency told at speed." Human Brain Mapping. PubMed >> PDF >>

Kovelman, I., Norton, E.S., Christodoulou, J. A., Gaab, N., Triantafyllou, C., Lieberman, D. A., Lymberis, J., Wolf, M.,Whitfield-Gabrieli, S., & Gabrieli, J.D.E. (2012). "Brain Basis of Phonological Awareness for Spoken Language in Children and Its disruption in dyslexia." Cereb Cortex. PubMed >> PDF >>

Raschle. N., Zuk, J., & Gaab, N. (2012). "Functional characteristics of developmental dyslexia in left-hemispheric posterior brain regions predate reading onset." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. PubMed >> PDF >>

Raschle, N., Zuk, J., Ortiz-Manilla, S., Sliva, D.D., Franceschi, A., Grant, E., Benasich, A., & Gaab, N. (2012). "Pediatric Neuroimaging in Early Childhood and Infancy: Challenges and Practical Guidelines." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. PubMed >> PDF >>

Raschle, N., Chang, M., Stering, P., Zuk, J., & Gaab, N. (2012). "Neural correlates of reading-related process examined with fMRI before reading onset and after language/reading remediation". In A.A. Benasich & R.H. Fitch (Eds.). Developmental dyslexia: Early precursors, neurobehavioral markers, and biological substrates (The Extraordinary Brain Series). Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing Co.


Raschle, N., Chang, M., & Gaab, N. (2011). "Structural brain alterations associated with dyslexia predate reading onset." Neuroimage. PubMed >> PDF >>

You, H., Gaab, N., Wei, N., Cheng-Lai, A., Wang, Z., Jian, J., Song, M., Meng, X., & Ding, G. (2011). "Neural deficits in second language reading: fMRI evidence from Chinese children with English reading impairment." Neuroimage. PubMed >> PDF>>


Benjamin, C., Lieberman, D.A., Chang, M., Ofen, N., Gabrieli, J.D.E., & Gaab, N. (2010). "The influence of rest period instruction on the default mode network." Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. PubMed >> PDF >>

Ghosh, S.S., Kakunoori, S., Augustinack, J., Nieto-Castanon, A., Kovelman, I, Gaab, N., Christodoulou, J.A., Triantafyllou, C., Gabrieli, J.D., & Fischl, B. (2010). "Evaluating the Validity of Volume-Based and Surface-Based Brain Image Registration for Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Studies in Children 4-to-11 Years of Age." Neuroimage. PubMed >> PDF >>


Christodoulou, C. & Gaab, N. (2009). "Using and Misusing Neuroscience in Education-Related Research." Cortex. PubMed >> PDF >>

Raschle, N.M., Lee, M., Buechler, R., Christodoulou, J.A., Chnag, M., Vakil, M., Stering, P.L., & Gaab, N. (2009). "Making MR imaging child's play- pediatric neuroimaging protocol, guidelines and procedures." Journal of Visualized Experiments. PubMed >> PDF >>

Schulze, K., Gaab, N., & Schlaug, G. (2009). "Perceiving pitch absolutely: comparing absolute and relative pitch possessors in a pitch memory task." BMC Neuroscience. PubMed >> PDF >>


Gaab, N., Gabrieli, J., & Glover, G. (2008). "Resting in peace or noise: scanner background noise suppresses default-mode network." Human Brain Mapping. PubMed >> PDF >>


Gaab, N., Gabrieli, J.D.E., Deutsch, G., Tallal, P., & Temple, E. (2007). "Neural correlates of rapid auditory processing are disrupted in children with developmental dyslexia and ameliorated with training: An fMRI study." Restorative Neuroscience and Neurology. PubMed >> PDF >>

Gaab, N., Gabrieli, J., & Glover, G. (2007). "Assessing the influence of scanner background noise on auditory processing- I: an fMRI study comparing three experimental designs with varying degrees of scanner background noise." Human Brain Mapping. PubMed >> PDF >>

Gaab, N., Gabrieli, J., & Glover, G. (2007). "Assessing the influence of scanner background noise on auditory processing- II: an fMRI study comparing auditory processing in the absence and presence of recorded scanner noise using a sparse temporal sampling design." Human Brain Mapping. PubMed >> PDF >>


Bermpohl, F., Pascual-Leone, A., Amedi, A., Merabet, L., Fregni, F., Gaab, N., Alsop, D., Schlaug, G., & Northoff, G. (2006). "Attentional modulation of emotional stimulus processing- an fMRI study using emotional expectancy." Human Brain Mapping. PubMed >> PDF >>

Bermpohl, F., Pascual-Leone, A., Amedi, A., Merabet, L., Fregni, F., Gaab, N., Alsop, D., Schlaug, G., & Northoff, G. (2006). "Dissociable networks for the expectancy and perception of emotional stimuli in the human brain." Neuroimage. PubMed >> PDF >>

Gaab, N., Gaser, C., & Schlaug, G. (2006). "Neural correlates of absolute pitch differ between a blind and sighted musicians." Neuroimage. PubMed >> PDF >>

Gaab, N., Schulze, K., Ozdemir, E., & Schlaug, G. (2006). "Neural correlates of absolute pitch differ between a blind and sighted musicians." Neuroreport. PubMed >> PDF >>

Tallal, P. & Gaab, N. (2006). "Dynamic Auditory Processing, Musical Experience and Language Development." Trends in Neurosciences. PubMed >> PDF >>

Gaab, N., Tallal, P., Kim, H., Lakshminarayanan, K., Glover, G.H., & Gabrieli, J.D.E. (2005). "Neural correlates of rapid spectro-temporal processing in musicians and nonmusicians." Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. PubMed >> PDF >>

Walker, M.P., Stickgold, R., Alsop, D., Gaab, N., & Schlaug, G. (2005). "Sleep dependent motor memory plasticity in the human brain." Neuroscience. PubMed >> PDF >>



Gaab, N., Paetzold, M., Walker, M.P., & Schlaug, G. (2004). "The influence of sleep on auditory learning." Neuroreport. PDF >>

Overy, K. Norton, A.C., Cronin, K.T., Gaab, N., Alsop, D.C., Winner, E., & Schlaug, G. (2004). "Imaging melody and rhythm in young children." Neuroreport. PDF >>


Gaab, N., Gaser, C., Zaehle, T., Jaencke, L. &, Schlaug, G. (2003). "Functional anatomy of pitch memory- an fMRI study with sparse temporal sampling." Neuroimage. PubMed >> PDF >>

Gaab, N., Keenan, J. &, Schlaug, G. (2003). "The effects of gender on the neural substrates of pitch memory." Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. PubMed >> PDF >>

Gaab, N. & Schlaug, G. (2003). "Musicians differ from nonmusicians in brain activation despite performance matching." Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. PubMed >> PDF >>

Gaab, N. & Schlaug, G. (2003). "The effect of musicianship on pitch memory in performance matched groups." Neuroreport. PubMed >> PDF >>

Hutchinson, S., Lee. L.H., Gaab, N. &, Schlaug, G. (2003). "Cerebellar volume differences of musicians." Cereb Cortex. PDF >>

Schlaug, G., & Gaab, N. (2003). ""Das musizierende Gehirn: Strukturelle und funktionelle Unterschiede zwischen Musikern und Nicht-Musikern"". In H.G. Bastian & G. Kreutz (Eds.). Musik und Humanität: Interdisziplinäre Grundlagen für (musikalische) Erziehung und Bildung. . Mainz, Germany: Schott Musik International.

Ihl, R., Grass-Kapanke, B., Lahrem, P., Brinkmeyer, J., Fischer, S., Gaab, N., & Kaupmannsennecke, C. (2000). "Entwicklung und Validierung eines Tests zur Früherkennung der Demenz mit Depressionsabgrenzung (TFDD)." Cereb Cortex. PubMed >> PDF >>

Jäncke, L., Gaab, N., Wüstenberg, T., Scheich, H. &, Heinze, H.J. (2001). "Short-term functional plasticity in the human auditory cortex: an fMRI study." Cognitive Brain Research. PubMed >> PDF >>